Cataract surgery is a common and generally safe procedure that can restore vision to people with cloudy, blurred, or dim vision caused by cataracts. However, as with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks and complications that patients should be aware of.
One of the most common issues that can occur after cataract surgery is posterior capsule opacification (PCO), which occurs when the membrane behind the intraocular lens becomes cloudy. This can cause vision to become hazy or blurred again, similar to the symptoms of cataracts. PCO can be treated with a quick and painless laser procedure, but it can be inconvenient for patients who were hoping to have their vision fully restored after cataract surgery.
Other possible complications of cataract surgery include infection, bleeding, retinal detachment, increased eye pressure, and swelling or inflammation. These are relatively rare, but they can be serious and require further treatment.
It’s important to discuss the potential risks and complications of cataract surgery with your doctor before the procedure. Your doctor can help you understand the likelihood of experiencing complications based on your individual health and vision history, and can provide guidance on how to minimize your risk. Despite the risks, cataract surgery is generally safe and effective, and can improve your vision and quality of life significantly.